OVER DIT BOEK:
Based on the ‘theory formation of entrepreneurship’, as has been developed
over the past few decades by political economists, sociologists and
social-economic historians on the notion ‘entrepreneurship’, this study will
focus on how entrepreneurship in the Netherlands, specifi cally during
‘Trade Capitalism’ (1350-1815), took shape and what its contribution
has been to the period of ‘Total Capitalism’ (as from the late1980s).
Three sub-periods during “Trade Capitalism’ will be studied. The fi rst sub-period runs from 1350 to 1580 and is considered to be the upbeat to the ‘fi rst modern economy’ in the world. In the second sub-period, running from 1580 to approximately 1670 (the so-called Dutch “Golden Age”), this fi rst modern economy reached its absolute zenith. During the then following third sub-period, from 1670 to 1815, we see forms of economic stagnation and a gradual decline in trade in the Netherlands. Perpendicular to each of these three periods, four dimensions related to the functioning of entrepreneurship will be applied so as to assess the entrepreneur’s standing in practice. These are 1) identifying and making optimal use of ‘opportunity conditions’, 2) institutional development in which the government played an important role, 3) socio-cultural aspects affecting entrepreneurship, and 4) specifi c personal characteristics of the entrepreneur. All of these also provide insight into the entrepreneurship in the past and its contribution to the present-day Total Economy.
Anton Kruft studied business economics in the USA (Chicago) and socio- economic history in The Netherlands (Utrecht). In his professional career he started as entrepreneur and later as an international business consultant, carrying out numerous assignments for the UN, EU, World Bank and various other government and non-government organizations. At present, Anton Kruft is chairman of a nation-wide research foundation in The Netherlands on issues related to international historical developments of the 20th century. In that capacity he has recently issued a publication on the diplomacy that led to the First World War.